Reaffirming that multilateral cooperation is the most effective way to achieve the objectives of conservation and sustainable exploitation of marine biological resources, in 1999, the United States signed as contracting parties to the agreement on the International Dolphin Protection Program (PDF, 23 pages). Among other things, the agreement provides for the establishment of an international programme of persecution of tuna caught in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The countries that are parties to this agreement do not export their tuna to the United States because complaints have successfully challenged the weakening of the “Dolphin Safe” label. In August 2004, U.S. federal judge Thelton Henderson ruled in our favor and upheld the Dolphin Safe standards and said the U.S. government was ignoring the advice of its own scientists when it tried to weaken the label. This case was challenged in the Ninth Court of Appeal and the Commerce Department`s attempt to weaken the definition of the known and trustworthy “Dolphin Safe” label was rejected in April 2007. The government took the time to appeal this decision to the Supreme Court; As a result, Dolphin Safe standards continue to prohibit dolphin hunting or net hunting. This agreement was based in part on the U.S. Dolphin Conservation Act, which was wrongly passed in 1997 on objections raised by many animal and environmental organizations. Among other things, the Dolphin Conservation Act weakened the definition of the “Dolphin Safe” label and lifted the embargoes on tuna against countries that put nets for dolphins.
AidCP has adopted most of the provisions of the U.S. Dolphin Conservation Act, supporting a weakened definition of the Dolphin Safe label. The agreement entered into force on December 22, 2005. With regard to vessels under its jurisdiction, each party ensures that the measures provided for or adopted in accordance with this agreement are effectively complied with. In particular, each party ensures, among other things, an annual certification and inspection program, that vessels under its jurisdiction ensure that NOAA`s Western Coastal Fisheries Personnel participate in the conservation of marine mammals and other resources affected by the APICD and CITT resolutions. They act as consultants and manage the implementation of the decision-making policy of the United States and the international community. Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act, noAA Fisheries is responsible for importing tuna harvested in the United States by purse seine nets in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP). NoAA Fisheries adopts a positive statement towards a nation that meets the requirements of 50 CFR 216.24 (f) (8) to allow the importation of yellowfin tuna from that country harvested from that country with purse seine equipment.